尚硅谷大数据技术之Zookeeper (新)第4章 Zookeeper实战(开发重点)

4.2 客户端命令行操作

表5-1

命令基本语法

功能描述

help

显示所有操作命令

ls path [watch]

使用 ls 命令来查看当前znode中所包含的内容

ls2 path [watch]

查看当前节点数据并能看到更新次数等数据

create

普通创建

-s  含有序列

-e  临时(重启或者超时消失)

get path [watch]

获得节点的值

set

设置节点的具体值

stat

查看节点状态

delete

删除节点

rmr

递归删除节点

1.启动客户端

[atguigu@hadoop103 zookeeper-3.4.10]$ bin/zkCli.sh

2.显示所有操作命令

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] help

3.查看当前znode中所包含的内容

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0] ls /

[zookeeper]

4.查看当前节点详细数据

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] ls2 /

[zookeeper]

cZxid = 0x0

ctime = Thu Jan 01 08:00:00 CST 1970

mZxid = 0x0

mtime = Thu Jan 01 08:00:00 CST 1970

pZxid = 0x0

cversion = -1

dataVersion = 0

aclVersion = 0

ephemeralOwner = 0x0

dataLength = 0

numChildren = 1

5.分别创建2个普通节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 3] create /sanguo “jinlian”

Created /sanguo

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 4] create /sanguo/shuguo “liubei”

Created /sanguo/shuguo

6.获得节点的值

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 5] get /sanguo

jinlian

cZxid = 0x100000003

ctime = Wed Aug 29 00:03:23 CST 2018

mZxid = 0x100000003

mtime = Wed Aug 29 00:03:23 CST 2018

pZxid = 0x100000004

cversion = 1

dataVersion = 0

aclVersion = 0

ephemeralOwner = 0x0

dataLength = 7

numChildren = 1

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 6]

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 6] get /sanguo/shuguo

liubei

cZxid = 0x100000004

ctime = Wed Aug 29 00:04:35 CST 2018

mZxid = 0x100000004

mtime = Wed Aug 29 00:04:35 CST 2018

pZxid = 0x100000004

cversion = 0

dataVersion = 0

aclVersion = 0

ephemeralOwner = 0x0

dataLength = 6

numChildren = 0

7.创建短暂节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 7] create -e /sanguo/wuguo “zhouyu”

Created /sanguo/wuguo

(1)在当前客户端是能查看到的

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 3] ls /sanguo

[wuguo, shuguo]

(2)退出当前客户端然后再重启客户端

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 12] quit

[atguigu@hadoop104 zookeeper-3.4.10]$ bin/zkCli.sh

(3)再次查看根目录下短暂节点已经删除

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 0] ls /sanguo

[shuguo]

8.创建带序号的节点

(1)先创建一个普通的根节点/sanguo/weiguo

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] create /sanguo/weiguo “caocao”

Created /sanguo/weiguo

(2)创建带序号的节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 2] create -s /sanguo/weiguo/xiaoqiao “jinlian”

Created /sanguo/weiguo/xiaoqiao0000000000

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 3] create -s /sanguo/weiguo/daqiao “jinlian”

Created /sanguo/weiguo/daqiao0000000001

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 4] create -s /sanguo/weiguo/diaocan “jinlian”

Created /sanguo/weiguo/diaocan0000000002

如果原来没有序号节点,序号从0开始依次递增。如果原节点下已有2个节点,则再排序时从2开始,以此类推。

9.修改节点数据值

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 6] set /sanguo/weiguo “simayi”

10.节点的值变化监听

(1)在hadoop104主机上注册监听/sanguo节点数据变化

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 26] [zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 8] get /sanguo watch

(2)在hadoop103主机上修改/sanguo节点的数据

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] set /sanguo “xisi”

(3)观察hadoop104主机收到数据变化的监听

WATCHER::

WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type:NodeDataChanged path:/sanguo

11.节点的子节点变化监听(路径变化)

(1)在hadoop104主机上注册监听/sanguo节点的子节点变化

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 1] ls /sanguo watch

[aa0000000001, server101]

(2)在hadoop103主机/sanguo节点上创建子节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 2] create /sanguo/jin “simayi”

Created /sanguo/jin

(3)观察hadoop104主机收到子节点变化的监听

WATCHER::

WatchedEvent state:SyncConnected type:NodeChildrenChanged path:/sanguo

12.删除节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 4] delete /sanguo/jin

13.递归删除节点

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 15] rmr /sanguo/shuguo

14.查看节点状态

[zk: localhost:2181(CONNECTED) 17] stat /sanguo

cZxid = 0x100000003

ctime = Wed Aug 29 00:03:23 CST 2018

mZxid = 0x100000011

mtime = Wed Aug 29 00:21:23 CST 2018

pZxid = 0x100000014

cversion = 9

dataVersion = 1

aclVersion = 0

ephemeralOwner = 0x0

dataLength = 4

numChildren = 1

 

 


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